Entrepreneurship is a multifaceted field that requires a broad range of skills, including creativity, innovation, problem-solving, and strategic thinking. Art, design, and culture are all essential components that play a crucial role in entrepreneurship. This blog post will explore the importance of art, design, and culture in entrepreneurship.
First and foremost, art, design, and culture are integral to branding and marketing. A business incorporating art and design into its branding strategy can create a unique identity and stand out from competitors. The right design can effectively convey a business’s mission and values, making it easier to connect with potential customers. Art and culture also play a significant role in advertising campaigns, as they can help create a connection with a target audience and memorably convey the message.
Secondly, art, design, and culture can inspire innovation and creativity. Artistic expressions and cultural traditions can help entrepreneurs develop new ideas and concepts to apply to their businesses. These inspirations can come in different forms, such as visual art, music, literature, and even culinary arts. By incorporating these influences into their work, entrepreneurs can develop new and innovative products and services that stand out in the market.
Furthermore, art, design, and culture can help entrepreneurs think critically and solve problems creatively. The creative process often requires thinking outside the box, and art, design, and culture can help entrepreneurs develop their critical thinking skills. In addition, by analyzing and interpreting different forms of art and culture, entrepreneurs can learn to see things from different perspectives and develop unique solutions to complex problems.
Moreover, art, design, and culture can also foster collaboration and teamwork. Entrepreneurs can work with artists, designers, and cultural experts to create new products and services that reflect the values and aesthetics of different cultures. This collaboration can lead to new ideas and innovations that benefit the business and the community.
In conclusion, art, design, and culture are essential to entrepreneurship. By incorporating these elements into their businesses, entrepreneurs can create unique branding and marketing strategies, inspire innovation and creativity, develop critical thinking skills, and foster collaboration and teamwork. These skills are crucial for any entrepreneur seeking to succeed in today’s competitive market. As an aspiring entrepreneur, it is essential to recognize the value of art, design, and culture in achieving your goals and positively impacting the world.
“Sport has the power to change the world. It has the power to inspire. It has the power to unite people in a way little else does. It speaks to youth in a language they understand. Sport can create hope where once there was only despair. It is more powerful than the government in breaking down racial barriers.” – Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela’s quote holds an accurate depiction of the effect that sports have on individuals and groups of people all over the world. Mandela expresses how sports can end the divide between people and cultures as well as inspire people to come together. Sports allow people to build bonds and establish relationships that typically would not have occurred in another setting. It is a form of communication that encourages people to express themselves through play. Essentially, in most countries, sport is not entirely competition-based. Instead, they are portrayed as an activity in which people can get out to have fun and exercise. There is less pressure on winning and more pressure on the expectation that people are communicating and expressing themselves with those around them.
In terms of children, sports help bring them out of their comfort zone and bring them great joy. It is not always necessarily about competition, rather it is how it can make you grow and benefit as an individual. Sports are for people of all ages and backgrounds, which provides structure for unity than any other method. It is all about what you like to do, who you engage yourself with, and how much you are willing to explore your options and try things that you did not expect to do.
Furthermore, sports are an essential source of socialization and social integration for informing young people and further their development. Social interaction through team sports teaches young people to associate with their friends, solve and prevent conflicts, communicate, and socialize better with their teammates. Whether it is the friends you bring or the people seated next to you, sporting events bring people together. Perhaps it is the common interest in the different teams that starts the conversation. Whatever the reason, if you talk to any sports fan, you are bound to hear a story or two about mid-game encounters with interesting people.
For instance, sports in South Africa are largely separated into different parts on ethnic lines. In South Africa, sports are treated as a national religion, language group, and transcending race that helps unify the entire country. The focus of sport is primarily to create an active and winning nation. It focuses on bringing many opportunities for Africans to celebrate in sport while still instilling country values.
Especially, football(soccer) without a doubt is one of the most popular sports admired by most Africans. Football is an exciting game with origins tracing back to the 1800s, when the British, French, and Portuguese colonists introduced the sport to Africa. Unlike other sports, football required minimal resources, and for this reason, it has penetrated every part of Africa. Many African footballers had to surmount some obstacles, including poverty, amongst other things before they achieved all the glitz and glamour they are now associated with. The football talent in Africa mostly begins at the grassroots level, and for this reason, many football stars come from hardship.
Fredrick Odhiambo, also known as Abedi, was born in the city of Kisumu in Kenya. He grew up in the poorest neighborhood out of Manyatta. Like many people from that area, life was not easy. To Fredrick and other fellow African athletes, football is everything. It is not only something to keep them busy and out of trouble, but it was also a chance at a better life —a way out of poverty. Abedi fell in love with football at the age of ten, where he quickly began to establish himself as a leader playing as a center-back. He once said, “Growing up in the slums, if I didn’t play football, I would have never gone to school.” He grew up in a family of seven kids, where his parents could not afford to take them to school. One evening, he went out to play on the football field, some high school coaches noticed his talents and agreed to pay for his schooling. He received an opportunity to attend school, whereas thousands in his village are not as lucky. Abedi’s journey growing up as a kid lead him to create a program and organization for people that were like himself and give them the opportunity to be included and engage positively as kids.
On another account, Yaya Toure grew up with similar hardships as Abedi and used football as an outlet in order to prevail. Growing up with his four other siblings and both parents, Yaya Toure often tried to normalize his childhood experiences whenever he spoke about it, but the truth is he grew up poor. According to Toure, ” I did not have football boots until he was ten years old because his parents could not afford them.” However, his boots later served him as he impressed the coaches at the Asec Mimosas academy. He earned himself a move to Europe with Dutch club Waasland Beveren. That move served as a springboard that opened new opportunities at European clubs such as Metalurh Donetsk, Olympiacos, Monaco, Barcelona, and Manchester City. Yaya Toure had a long and distinguished career that saw him win two La Liga titles, one Champions League, one Copa del Rey, three Premier League titles, one FA Cup, one Nations Cup, and many others. Safe to say, he made up for all of his childhood struggles. He is a four-time African footballer of the year grant champ now and routinely is in the discussion of most noteworthy African footballers.
Athlete development is a continuous process. It begins when an athlete first engages in a sport until an athlete withdraws from the sport itself. There are various stages of learning that outline the various stages of learning that an athlete undergoes to acquire new skills and techniques. Youth athletes are among some of the hardest-working people all across the world. Many factors contribute to their success. However, athletes at all levels have their motivation and will that push them to strive for greatness. We all have obstacles and hardships along the way, yet it is the process, the hope, the unity we partake in the sport of football that molds us along the way. Sport has the power to inspire.
Human African Trypanosomiasis, also known as ‘Sleeping Sickness’ is a neglected tropical disease, and a recurrent public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. The deadly sleeping sickness has robbed tens of thousands of lives of individuals in Africa annually, and about 65 million people continue to be at risk of falling prey to it. Fortunately, internationally coordinated efforts have led to a drastic drop in death rates after 2000, with the reported cases of infection being 992 in 2019. It is vital to sustain these global efforts to eradicate the disease for the safety of millions residing in Sub-Saharan Africa.
How does sleeping sickness spread?
This life-threatening disease is spread to humans via bites from tsetse flies that carry the parasite (Trypanosoma brucei) causing the disease. Tsetse flies are exclusively found in Africa, specifically in the south of the Sahara. While there are about 30 species or sub-species of the tsetse fly, only six are known to be able to transmit the sleeping sickness parasite to humans.
However, this disease can also spread from an infected individual to another individual via:
Contaminated needles (i.e., sharing of needles with an infected individual)
Sexual contact – reported to have resulted in the spread of the disease between humans in some cases.
Pregnancy – The parasite is able to cross the placenta, thereby spreading from mother to fetus.
Mechanical transmission – The parasite may spread from human-to-human through other insects that feed on blood.
What are the effects of the disease?
The disease can manifest in two forms caused by different subspecies of the Trypanosoma brucei sleeping sickness parasite – T.b.rhodesiense and T.b.gambiense. The former is commonly associated with the presentation of a painful inflammation, known as ‘chancre’, at the site of the bite. The latter rarely results in a chancre although this has been occasionally observed in infected travellers from non-endemic regions. The “Winterbottom’s sign”, or swollen lymph nodes, is more commonly observed in infections caused by T.b.gambiense.
Regardless of the subspecies of the parasite, the disease comprises of two stages at which it can be clinically diagnosed – the early stage, and the late stage. Furthermore, the symptoms are usually common, causing difficulties in identifying the subspecies that resulted in the disease.
In the early stage, the parasite is found in the blood and the lymphatic system. Its symptoms commonly include:
Signs such as weight loss, intermittent fevers that occur could for a day up to a week, and swelling of the liver and spleen, are usually indicative of an early-stage infection.
In T.b.gambiense infections, the disease progresses slowly as it proceeds from the early stage to the late stage after about 300 to 500 days. On the other hand, T.b.rhodesiense infections advance quicky from the early to the late stage in only around 21 to 60 days.
The late stage is known to be riskier as the parasite enters the central nervous system and results in inflammation of the brain – a condition known as meningoencephalitis – which causes neuropsychiatric problems and tends to be fatal. Some of the neuropsychiatric issues include reversal of the sleep-wake cycle (hence the name “Sleeping Sickness”), hallucinations, anxiety, aggression, and mania. The patient may also enter coma, and if left untreated, this stage leads to death.
How is sleeping sickness treated?
The sleeping sickness, after infection, is normally treated by administered specific drugs depending on the stage of infection. For early-stage infection, pentamidine or suramin is used. Both drugs produce unwanted side-effects and can only be used for early-stage infections. While suramin can result in allergic reactions, pentamidine, is commonly well-tolerated by patients. In the late stage, melarsoprol, eflornithine, and nifurtimox are usually used. While melarsoprol can be used to treat both gambiense and rhodesiense infections, it is obtained from arsenic, hence resulting in serious side effects such as reactive encephalopathy – altering brain function. Eflornithine and nifurtimox are less toxic, but the former is only effective against gambiense infection, while the latter has not been studied for its effectiveness against rhodesiense infections. Hence, the current treatments against late stage rhodesiense infections are still inadequate, drawing an urgent need for sufficient treatment considering the quick progression of infection caused by this subspecies.
What could be done to prevent the disease?
Due to the lack of drugs or vaccines to allow for immunity against sleeping sickness, the only way to prevent the disease currently is to avoid contact with tsetse flies. In countries where tsetse flies are found, the following precautions can be taken:
Checking vehicles before travelling in them, as tsetse flies are drawn to motion and dust from vehicles in motion.
Wearing fully covered clothing, such as pants and shirts with long sleeves.
Ensure that clothes worn are of neutral colours or blend with the environment, as tsetse flies are attracted to colours that stand out in the environment.
Avoiding bushes, where the tsetse flies often reside.
Using insect repellent to prevent bites from other blood-sucking insects other than tsetse flies that can spread the disease – as tsetse flies are not significantly affected by insect repellents.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) aims to completely eradicate the African Trypanosomiasis by 2030, with international research organisations coordinating to study potential treatments that are more effective, and drugs that may help prevent the disease. At the same time, it is also important that individuals play their part in avoiding transmission of the disease by taking the necessary precautions for the safety of all.
Textile designing is the creative and technical process by which thread or yarn fibers are woven together or interlaced to form a flexible, functional, and decorative cloth or fabric which is subsequently printed upon or otherwise adorned.
Textile design is further broken down into three major disciplines, printed textile design, woven textile design, and mixed media textile design each of which utilize different methods to produce a surface ornamented fabric for variable uses and markets.
Textile Design as a practice has evolved to become an industry integral to other disciplines such as fashion,interior design and fine arts.
Textile designing in Tanzania most is applicable in the textile manufacturing industries and fashion industries.
In textile manufacturing industries whereby fibers are processed into yarn in the spinning stage weaving stage knitting stage and processing stage where by fabric is made in ready wear.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, though it is colloquially used to describe the process of drawing out, inserting the twist, and winding onto bobbins. In simple words, spinning is a process in which we convert fibers by passing through certain processes like Blow room, Carding, Drawing, Combing, Simplex, Ring Frame and finally winding into yarns.
Weaving is defined by the interlacing of two individual strands of yarn or thread at right angles. This pattern creates a strong, yet flexible structure that holds the individual threads in place, thus creating a solid cloth or fabric.
And the yarns undergo weaving stage where by the interlacement of warps and weft yarns at right angle to form a woven fabric like khanga kitenge bedsheet or maasai shuka and Kikoy.
Knitting is processing in which inter looping of yarns occurs to form a knitted fabric like T-shirt sweaters mosquitos’ nets.
After weaving or knitting the fabric undergo different wet preparation processes before dyeing or printing so that dyes and prints would penetrate easily or absorbed.
Then the fabric is dyed or printed into different design according to the customer desire
Also, the fabric may be sent to garment manufacturing so that it can be made to ready wear garment.
Those who love contemporary, Traditional, and hip-hop dance would be great admirers of the works of Islam Iddy. After all he has been a dancer for more than four years, constantly expanding his talent.
Islam is more than a dancer; he is also an artist who enjoys abstract imagery, he draws and paints his own abstract and imagination pictures as a hobby and has successfully sold over 100 art works as charity work. He believes in speaking the unspoken through art.
His values are Strength, Momentum and Practice, Islam does not shy away from repeated practice these values sharpen his skills as a dancer and a performer. Every time that Islam dance, draw or performs he put his best in order to produce better than the last.
For his education, Islam took arts and culture at Taasisi ya Sanaa na Utamaduni Bagamoyo (TaSUBa), where he earned his Diploma in performing and visual arts. He frequently travels around the world in performing dances with famous choreographers such as Ian Jumbe Mwaisunga. During this period, he already sold over 20 art works he painted and drew.
He graduated at TASUBA in 2016 and decided to study dance at Muda Africa in Dar es salaam. He successfully graduated with a diploma in Contemporary and Traditional dance in 2019. During his study at Muda Africa, he took part in several dance and performing projects including the infamous Hope Human Right under ispo from German that was centered around democracy, racism, and freedom.
Since graduation, he has been a freelance dancer participating in projects that are focused on raising awareness on issues and challenges facing the society and his community of artists. In March 2020, he participated in a contemporary dance performance that was based on amplifying voices of men going through anxiety and depression that eventually lead to suicide and domestic violence. This is an issue facing many Tanzanian men and women, the performance was titled “Mental health Contemporary Dance”.
Islam Iddy has not stopped raising voices for the marginalized he went on and worked with brands and companies such as Love arts Tanzania in a Musical theatre performance titled “Ndoto Kubwa” Swahili for I have big dreams that is about free and fair election and the position of women in leadership in a religious and male dominated country like Tanzania.
Now Islam Iddy is focusing on improving his dance performance skills and hopes to become one of the greatest performers in Africa, while driving the change making wheel in his community and society. Since dance is a part of the Tanzanian culture, through it he hopes to be a helping hand to the need.
PAINT AND PREVENT A VISUAL ARTS-BASED HANDWASHING WORKSHOP
Welcome to carry out a Paint and Prevent workshop! This workshop framework introduces an evidence-based, piloted day of fun, mixing visual arts and facts about the importance of handwashing in infection prevention.
The workshop you are about to carry out aims at teaching the participants handwashing skills and knowledge. It consists of two parts: first, engaging the participants in a conversation about handwashing, and second, strengthening their memory with a painting session.
The framework was created as a part of two Global Health and Crisis Management Master’s students’ thesis project in Finland. The workshops will be carried out for the first time in March 2021. The outcomes of these first workshops will be studied by comparing before and after intervention surveys from the participants.
This is the first version of the framework. The partners of the project are Laurea University of Applied Sciences, Finland, and Art in Tanzania, Tanzania and Finland. This study is organized by Global Health and Crisis Management students Emmi Hamara and Noemi Watson and the main supervisor of this research is principal lecturer Teija-Kaisa Aholaakko from Laurea University. The partner organization in the study is Art in Tanzania.
The Ten Hand washing Topics
Familiarise yourself with the ten handwashing topics on page 10 and the additional material in the links on page 12. The more you know about the topics, the better.
You will need a room or outdoors space, which comfortably accommodates the participants and you. You may choose between having desks or just everyone sitting on the floor or ground, as long as there is enough space for everyone to do their art. You will also need art supplies for painting or drawing, and the more the better! Paper used should be sturdy, and there should be at least a couple of sheets per participant. Carboard is fine, too. A small hand soap will also be given to each participant after the workshop. The workshop could take anything between 2 to 4 hours.
The workshop starts with you telling the participants why they are there. They have been invited to the workshop to learn about handwashing skills and knowledge. Emphasise the fact they are all there to have fun and to learn about handwashing!
All participants, as well as you, introduce themselves. You may ask them also if they like drawing or painting. Let everyone have a chance to speak. This may take 10 to 20 minutes.
After this, start the discussion about the ten topics. The structure is simple: Bring up any of the topics by asking a leading question about the participants’ habits and knowledge. For example:
“How many of you use soap if it’s available, when washing their hands?”
“Do you have running water available when washing your hands? Do you use it? Do your friends have access to running water?””
“Do you think it is important to wash your hands more because of the Covid-19 pandemic?”
“Who could show the correct handwashing technique?”
“How many washed their hands today before breakfast?”
“Do you like to dry your hands after washing them? Why do you think this may be important?”
“Do you think you can prevent illnesses by washing your hands?”
“Do you think your hands may be extra dirty in certain places?”
“Does anyone know how the germs get into your body from your hands?”
“What other benefits could one get from washing their hands?”
After each question, allow discussion. Encourage the participants to give out their opinion and share their thoughts and ideas. “Wrong answers” may come up, but in these cases provide the participants with correct information. During the conversation on each topic, at some point, provide the correct information. The participants may come from different backgrounds, and their ideas may be different, or they reflect their habits against how accessible hand washing facilities are for them. This is fine. The information given during the workshop should increase their knowledge so that they can understand the importance of aiming at as good hand washing practices, as possible.
The discussion should take about 30 to 60 minutes. Make sure you go through each one of the ten handwashing topics.
After you have talked about each of the topics, start painting! Introduce the task: everyone can paint or draw about their feeling or thoughts about the discussion. Give them some ideas: they could for example visualize a situation where they are using correct hand washing technique, or draw germs, or paint something about their current hand washing habits. Anything goes! Remember to provide help with using the art supplies, as well. Creating the visual art pieces may take anything from 30 to 60 minutes or even longer, depending on the participants, and the time you have reserved for the workshop.
Finally, it is time for a little art exhibition! In this part, hang or lay out the artwork on a wall, desks or ground. Let everyone introduce what they have done and encourage discussion. There are no “wrong answers” in this part, and the artwork are not graded or critiqued. This is also a fine opportunity to provide the participants with correct information on the 10 hand washing topics, if you notice something is still misunderstood.
Last, give the participants their artwork to take home with them and to remind them of what they have just learned!
The hand washing topics
Ten key items:
Identifying learning needs:
Identifying the relevance of soap in handwashing manners.
Soap should be used every time hands are washed, to remove pathogens efficiently.
Identifying when washing your hands is necessary.
The correct handwashing times: Before, during, and after preparing food; before eating food; before and after caring for someone at home who is sick with vomiting or diarrhoea; before and after treating a cut or wound; after using the toilet; after changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has used the toilet; after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing; after touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste; after handling pet food or pet treats, and after touching garbage
Identifying the importance of drying hands regarding infection prevention.
Hands should be dried completely dry with a clean towel after washing your hands, to prevent pathogens from attaching to the skin
Identifying the need to cover each part of your hands, while washing your hands. Identifying the correct order and duration of handwashing.
The correct order for handwashing is: add water, add soap, scrub, rinse, dry. Hands should be scrubbed together 20 seconds after adding soap to remove pathogens efficiently.
Identifying the importance of running water.
Running water is an important part of handwashing for removing pathogens and soap efficiently, also in the reduction of skin irritation from soap. It is also safer than stagnated water. Water does not have to be hot. Cool water may cause less skin irritation and is more environmentally friendly than warmer water
Identifying that handwashing prevents diarrheal disease and respiratory infection related illness and deaths.
Washing hands regularly prevents respiratory infections and diarrhoeal diseases, common cold, flu and the spread of anti-microbial resistant bacteria.
Identifying the locations and pathogens living on one´s hands.
Most of the microbes on one´s hands live under the fingernails. Normal human flora (germs) can be dangerous in wrong places.
Routes of transmission
Identifying the most common ways pathogens move from hands to people
Through hands to mouth, nose and ears, as well as surfaces.
Global Infection prevention
Identifying the effects of handwashing in a global health aspect.
Handwashing is one of the most effective preventative method regarding infection control, and during the Covid-19 pandemic handwashing should be even more regular. Prevents antibiotic resistant pathogens.
Identifying global issues with running water and lack of soap.
40% of the world´s population live in areas where water and soap are inaccessible. Only 19% of adolescents in Tanzania wash their hands after using toilet.
1: Doreen Mashika Based in Zanzibar, Doreen Mashika’s designs are a combination of traditional Tanzanian styles and fabrics with a contemporary edge. Doreen Mashika has done collaborations with clothing brands such as Anthropologie and Edun. Her brand has been named Vogue’s favorite shop in Zanzibar.
2: Anne Kiwia Anne Kiwia founded her brand in 2012. Inspired by the busy and colorful streets of Dar Es Salaam, Anne Kiwia headbands are made from vintage fabrics found in the markets of Dar Es Salaam, and her vibrant up-cycled headbands have been featured in several magazines and different platforms, including Vogue Magazine.
3: Mustafa Hassanali Mustafa Hassanali was a medical doctor before he started fashion design as a hobby. Since then, his career has flourished as he has showcased his designs in over 21 countries across the globe. His designs have been worn by individuals such as the supermodel Naomi Campbell and 1999 Miss Tanzania, Hoyce Temu, who wore one of his first creations, a signature evening gown. In 2008, Hassanali launched Swahili Fashion Week, which has created a platform for both established designers and models as well as emerging ones. Swahili Fashion Week is now one of the largest fashion events in East and Central Africa.
4: KiKi Fashion by Kiki Zimba Kiki’s Fashion was founded by Christine Kissa Zimbia , who is popularly known as Kiki Zimba. With stylish dresses and skirts, Kiki’s Fashion is sure to capture one’s imagination with their beautiful designs.
5: Naledi Fashion House by Kemi Kalikawe Kemi Kalikawe is the founder of Naledi Fashion House, which she established in 2008. Kalikawe was first an interior designer before she entered the fashion industry. Naledi Fashion House designs are all designed by Kemi Kalikawe herself and she designs ready-to-wear casual or contemporary Afro-urban fashion for both women and men.
6: Eve Collection by Evelyn Rugemalira Evelyn Rugemalira is the creative director of the brand Eve Collections. Her designs are sophisticated and bold, with something for every occasion. Evelyn has had the opportunity to dress several Tanzanian celebrities, such as Madame Rita Paulsen of Bongo Star, Wema Septu, a well-known Tanzanian business woman and actress, as well as Miss Tanzania 2012.
7: Jamilla Vera Swai Jamilla Vera Swai’s brand is chic and glamorous. Jamilla first developed an interest in fashion when she first came across her auntie’s fashion sketches when she was a young girl, and her vibrant designs are sure to catch one’s eyes.
8: Khadija Mwanamboka Considered one of the top trail-blazers and trendsetters in the Tanzanian fashion industry, Khadija Mwanamboka is a veteran in the industry, having worked in fashion for over two decades. Besides fashion, she also enjoys giving back to her community through her organization, Tanzania Mitindo House, a not-for-profit social initiative which utilizes fashion design in the country for community-based charities geared towards assisting HIV/AIDS orphans.
Simba sport club is one of the biggest club in Tanzania which commence and established in 1936 Dar es salaam, Tanzania. Simba when was founded in 1936 they were named Queens, then later on named Eagles but that name does not last much longer it changed to Sunderland until 1971 when official they named and recognized as SIMBA (“Lion” in English).
Simba reside at Kariakoo Dar es salaam and their cross-city rival is Young Africans (YANGA). Simba nicknamed as “The King” or “Wekundu wa Msimbazi” (The Reds of Msimbazi).
Simba has won 21 league titles and five domestic cups, also simba participated in the CAF champions league multiple times. Their home playground is Mkapa stadium also known as “National stadium “.
Simba is owned by wanachama (citizens) by 51% and Mo Dewji by 49% where by Mo Dewji invest to simba sports club the total amount of USD 8,700,000 (Tsh 20 Billion)
Yanga Sports club is one of the biggest club in Tanzania which was founded in 1935 but the history of Yanga is traced back to 1910 when they were known as Jangwani boys then later on in 1930 they change the name to “new youngs”
In 1935 misunderstanding and conflicts appear between the members of new youngs which led to the disintegration of the club, some members remain with new youngs and start afresh and official they call their club as “Yanga” in the same year 1935, while other member left and form their new club called “Queens ” which currently known as “Simba”
Yanga nicknamed as “Wananchi” (Citizens) or (Young Boys). Young Africans reside at Jangwani Dar es salaam and their cross-city rivals Simba, the club play their home games at Mkapa stadium and Uhuru stadium.
The club has won 22 league titles and four domestic cups, and have participated in multiple CAF Champions league. They also have won the CECAFA Club Championship five times.
By Sylivery Manyama – Art in Tanzania Internship Programs
Tanzania is one of the countries with the most talented young people especially in the game of football. In east African countries the most influential football league is the Tanzania league known as Vodacom Premier League. The oldest clubs in Tanzania and the ones that are doing well are Simba and Yanga and many players dream of playing for those clubs than over sea.
Tanzanian football philosophy aims to have players who are hungry for success, teachable and willing to learn. Most of our players are satisfied quickly with little success in our football. Many are satisfied when they are selected to play on a big team like Simba and Yanga and are not coached. Many players are not ready to learn and feel that they know the ball and forget that football is a science that changes every day.
The dream of many players in Tanzania is to play football abroad/ over sea, for example, there are players who have successfully played football abroad who are Mbwana Samata at Fernabace , Himidi Mao, Saimon Msuva at Whydad Cassablanca and many others. Playing football abroad requires the patience of the players and dedication. many of them have been failing due to various reasons. Examples of players who failed to play abroad successfully are Mrisho Ngassa, Farid Mussa, Abdallah Shaibu and many others who returned to play in the domestic league.
Mbwana Ally Samatta (born 23 December 1992) is a Tanzanian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Turkish club Fenerbahçe on loan from Premier league Aston Villa. He played also at Belgium league Genk also before playing at Genk he was a player of Tp Mazembe from Congo. He started his career at Simba sports club.
Simon Msuva (born 3 december 1993) is a Tanzanian professional football player who plays for Wydad Casablanca and the Tanzanian national football Team. He also played as a winger in the Al Jadida team from Morocco before shifted to whydad. Msuva was a top scorer of the Vodacom Tanzania Mainland Premier League for the 2014-2015 season at Yanga football club.
Himid Mao Mkami (born 5 November 1992) is a Tanzanian footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for ENPPI SC. He was a player of Azam sport club
The challenges facing players to achieve their dreams of playing overseas
• Cultural diversity. Many players have found themselves unable to play outside due to the nature of the practice and the environment at home and abroad being different. • Language problem. Many players have been challenged to know the languages that are used overseas thus becoming unhappy and misunderstood by the coaches and leading to a return. • The problem of football agents in Tanzania. Many players do not have official agents to manage them thus leading many players to manage themselves. Thus, leading players to enter into bad contracts and fail to protect their interests. • poor preparation of players from early age. Many Tanzanian players do not have the basics of football, which makes it difficult for them to play football abroad due to the lack of real football bases from an early age.
Despite this in order to have more players over sea, we need to have more registered agents to help players go and play abroad through those agents, as well as believing in young blood and looking for teams to play abroad as most Tanzanian players go abroad at an older age lead to play for short period.
By Daniel Christopher- Art in Tanzania Internships
Nowadays films occupy a significant portion of the media products consumed by people in the world, cinema is being considered as a means of individual and social transformation, which makes a contribution to the formation of the audience’s outlook, including their attitudes towards topical social issues. At the same time, the question of the effectiveness of films’ impact remains an open question in psychological science. According to theempirical orientation of our approach to the study of mass media influence.
Aside from having a few hours of fun with friends and family, watching films can also be a form of therapy. Apart from the obvious — escaping our own lives and problems for a short time, according to Birgit Wolz, PhD., MFT, who facilitates cinema therapy groups, at once said: “Cinema therapy can be a powerful catalyst for healing and growth for anybody who is open to learning how movies affect us and to watching certain films with conscious awareness. Cinema therapy allows us to use the effect of imagery, plot, music, etc. in films on our psyche for insight, inspiration, emotional release or relief and natural change”.
While cinema therapy is a “real thing” sometimes prescribed by therapists, it is often self- administered. Being aware that movies can change the way we think, feel, and ultimately deal with life’s ups and downs can make watching them invaluable, situation. For example, if you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, you might want to watch Clean and Sober or When a Man Loves a Woman. If you are coping with the serious illness or death of a loved one, one of the many movies dealing with these issues might be helpful.
THIS ARE THE WAYS ON HOW WATCHING MOVIES CAN BE HELPFUL
Watching movies encourages emotional release. Even those who often have trouble expressing their emotions might find themselves laughing or crying during a film. This release of emotions can have a cathartic effect and also make it easier for a person to become more comfortable in expressing their emotions. This can be invaluable during counseling as well as in “real life.”
Sad films can make us happier. While it might seem counter-intuitive, I think many of us can relate to this. I know that after I watch a particularly sad or distressing film, I feel thankful for my own life and my “smaller” problems in comparison. Others’ tragedies make us more appreciative of everything good in our own lives.
Watching movies can help us make sense of our own lives. For thousands of years, knowledge and wisdom have been passed down through the art of story-telling. Stories offer us different perspectives and help us understand and make sense of the world. And movies are stories.
As mentioned in the second paragraph of this post, movies give us a break from whatever is currentlybothering us. We are transported to a different time and place and can just focus on the present moment for a short time. This gives our brains a much-needed rest from “the usual.”
Movies bring us a sense of relief, even if they stress us out first. Watching something suspenseful releases cortisol (the stress hormone) in the brain, followed by dopamine, which produces feelings of pleasure.
Going out to a movie theater is not for everyone. Some of us struggle with sensory issues or being in crowds. And others just prefer to watch movies at home, on the couch and in their pajamas. The good news is it doesn’t matter if you’re watching Netflix at home or sitting in a crowded theater. The results are the same — watching movies is good for us.
Best advice for students
Baron and Byrne  suggests that one will feel empathy for the fictitious character as to the victim in real life.The fictitious character may be the role of a character in a film. Movies can have a positive effect on other words improving empathy is a positive thing. Film or cinema therapy is a method of using film to give a positive effect on the patient